Describe Signalling, Protocols and Procedures; Describe and understand LTE security; Describe and be able to plan and design an LTE/LTE-A packet core and radio network; Describe the main services (VoLTE, ViLTE) of 4G and how they are optimised. 6.1 Network interfaces supporting positioning operations 6.1.1 General LCS control plane architecture. The 5G Access Gateway Function (AGF) definition is the result of a joint initiative between the Broadband Forum (BBF) and the GSMA’s 3 rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). Following figure-6 depicts radio protocol architecture of 5G NR (New Radio) as defined in 3GPP TS 38.300. The NG-RAN consists of a set of gNBs connected to the 5GC through the NG interface. According to 3GPP, the air interface for LTE, as well as for 5G New Radio, is called the Uu interface. of 5G network interfaces (e.g., 5G CN-RAN). The ng-eNB node providing E-UTRA (i.e. all the spectrum access and wireless technologies. It is divided into lower and upper network layers. Global content service providers support following applications: End of this year first trial will start while commercial deployments using fully compliant equipment will start around 2020. • Multiple fronthaul protocols – LTE fronthaul is associated with CPRI. – The functional division across the interfaces have as few options as possible. All these protocols are subject to be API-based. Protocol layers at UE and gNB side are shown in the figure for both user plane and control plane functionalities. The core network has to provide Quality of Service for new services like Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Massive Machine Type (mMTC) Communications and Ultra-Reliable and Low Latency Communications (URLLC). 5G PPP Architecture Working Group View on 5G Architecture Version for public consultation, updated version available on July 1st 2016 Page 8 / 60 2 Challenges and requirements and key differentiating characteristics 2.1 5G Key Requirements 5G networks are expected to offer the opportunity to launch, efficiently and cost-effectively, WiMAX  ➤SIGFOX    In particular we look at different split options within the Radio Access Network as well as the functionality of the gNB protocol stack. PWS, SMS, Mission Critical and Priority Services, Voice and Video over 5GC incl. the destination IP device/system. application layer. The mechanism for transparent transfer of NAS messages is also included. The protocols over Uu and NG interfaces are categorized into user plane protocols and This course is a detailed technical description of the core and radio access networks of 5G. The Disruptive Impact of 5G on Optical Network Architecture. Refer 5G protocol layers >> for more information on information. Cloud adoption allows for better support for diversified 5G services, and enables the key technologies of E2E network slicing, on-demand deployment of service anchors, and component-based network functions. their files from any computer across the globe with the use of internet. Femtocell, This 5G tutorial also covers following sub topics on the 5G technology: the Telecom standards and Specifications. The following are LTE Interfaces : (Ref: TS 23.401 v 841) S1-MME :- Reference point for the control plane protocol between E-UTRAN and MME. Integration with the 5G NR using the 5G interfaces [N1, N2, N3], including a new implementation of 5G NAS and NG-AP protocols; Implementing control-user plane split with PFCP [N4] First implementation of Service based Architecture features [HTTP/2, OpenAPI, REST] applied for … ➤Lonworks   Alongside 5G new radio (NR), 5G Core is a fundamental cornerstone of 5G networks. Engineers and operators are now faced with a variety of technologies coexisting in the same network, including cutting-edge, current and legacy technologies. different RANs (Radio Access Networks) can use the same single Nanocore for communication. The same have been depicted in the following figure-3 and figure-4. 5 General architecture 5.1 General. Application Layer: It marks the data as per proper format required. As shown in the figure, gNB node provides NR user plane and control plane protocol terminations towards the UE (i.e. 5GPPP Architecture Working Group View on 5G Architecture Version 2.0, December 2017 Date: 2017-12-15 Version: 2.0 5G also comprises a next generation core network that is currently in the phase of development and standardization. cloud computing tutorial➤ for more 5G network architecture MAC, RLC, PDCP) and layer-3 (i.e. Earners of the this badge have completed a full Level 1 5G Architecture and Protocol course consisting of RAN Architecture, 5G Core Architecture and 5G Procedures. S6a? 5G Frequency Bands S1-U:- Reference point between E-UTRAN and Serving GW for the per bearer user plane tunnelling and inter eNodeB path switching during handover. 5G services will once again be IMS based, but using a new Quality of Service Architecture. control plane protocols. 5G mm wave frame 38305 3GPP NR Release 15. RRC Layer). network elements. 17. New cloud RAN solutions with centralized processing also need to support various fronthaul/backhaul options. Satellite IoT  medical• transportation• banking etc. Diameter? It also minimizes latency. 5G basic tutorial As whown 5G protocol stack consists of OWA layer, network layer, Open transport layer and The 5G community is working on the 5G standards now so that new 5G mobile networks will be commercially viable in 2019 or 2020. In principle, there are no significant differences regarding protocols and interfaces to the standard LTE architecture, since S1 and X2 interfaces are used. various aspects which includes requesting the service, controlling different transmission resources, handover etc. 5G NG-RAN UE Positioning Signalling protocols and interfaces. IoT Architecture and Protocols in 5G Environment: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2799-2.ch004: The Internet of Things (IoT) is defined by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and IoT European Research Cluster (IERC) as a dynamic global The NR air interface is either referred to as NR-Uu or just NR. WiFi, Satellite). It offers many functions including network slicing to serve vivid customer requirements. ➤NFC   RANs supported by 5G architecture are GSM, GPRS/EDGE, UMTS, LTE, LTE-advanced, Control plane protocols control PDU Sessions and connection between UE and the network from Cloud computing utilizes internet as well as central remote servers to maintain data and applications Also various deployment aspects are presented such as LTE/5G Dual Connectivity either using the EPC or the 5GC as core network. This is as defined in the 3GPP TS 38.300 specification. Here AMF stands for Access and Mobility Management Function and UPF stands for User Plane Function. Another component in the 5G network architecture is 5G nanocore. – Interfaces are based on a logical model of the entity controlled through this interface. Tools: ARFCN - Frequency Conversion for 5G NR/LTE/UMTS/GSM. 5G aggregator is located at BSC/RNC place. OWA Layer: OWA layer is the short form of Open Wireless Architecture layer. 5G aggregator aggregates all the RAN traffics and route it to gateway. All these interfaces are candidates to be REST Interfaces and the architecture reference points can be simply replaced by a “message bus” in such logical diagram. ➤EnOcean    ➤WHDI    It functions as physical layer and data link layer of OSI stack. 5G NR PDCP layer, ➤THREAD    There is the queuing part, multiple access solutions (e.g., MPTCP WG), and new transport protocols challenging the dominance of TCP that should be on the radar for 5G (e.g., QUIC WG). – One physical network element can implement multiple logical nodes. This will likely require the extension of 3GPP protocols primarily by adaptation of the satellite communication equipment to support the integration of satellite communications with the cellular network and requires the definition of interoperability tests with 5G terrestrial infrastructure. of the users. The distributed traffic is still on multiple Interfaces. GL’s Message Automation & Protocol Simulation (MAPS™) 5G-N4 Interface Emulator is an advanced protocol simulator/tester for 5G simulation over N4 interface that can simulate PFCP messages and signaling specification as defined by 3GPP standards. WiMAX, WiFi, CDMA2000, EV-DO, CDMA One, IS-95 etc. This includes network slicing, roaming and mobility management. RAN Assisted Codec Adaptation, Initial Access and RRC Connection Control, New RRC Inactive State and RAN Paging / Notification, SDAP-, PDCP-, RLC-, MAC-Layer Functionality, Signalling Radio Bearer and Data Radio Bearer, Control and User Plane Architecture and Bearer Types, RRC Terminal Points and inter-eNB/gNB signalling, N2 and N3 Interfaces and Application Protocols, Centralized and Distributed Units and Remote Radio Heads, Fronthaul Interfaces F1 / F2 and Standardisation Thereof, Control- / User Plane Split of Centralized Unit (E1 Interface), Contention based and Non-Contention based RACH. Smart Grid  PHYSICAL Layer), layer-2 (i.e. 5G NR (New Radio) architecture as per 3GPP document published in dec. 2017 is also described. • Search engine• education• public portal• private portal• government•  5G smartphones interact with 5G-RAN over Uu radio interface. This is generic architecture. ➤LoRa    and it is connected via the NG interface to the 5GC. The 5G core will support new technologies like network slicing, service and context awareness, network function virtualization, multi-connectivity and multi-tenancy as well as a new QoS and security framework. Service Based Architecture vs. Reference Point Architecture, Key Network Functionality or the new 5G Core, Standalone vs. Non-Standalone Radio Access Network, Dual Connectivity with eLTE or 5G as Master Node, Network Function Virtualisation and Sofware Defined Networks, Network Slicing and End-to-End Quality of Service, Multi-Connectivity and Multi-RAT Traffic Control, 5GC Standardisation in 5G Phase I and Phase II, Service Differentiation, Signalling Flow and QoS Attributes, Standardized 5G QoS Identifiers and Packet Classification, Pre-Authorized QoS, Reflective QoS and Per Packet based QoS, 5GC Services e.g. This page describes 5G network architecture with its elements. Overview. Software Engineer – 5G Communication Systems, Software Engineer – Future Multimedia Delivery Systems, Overview  Next Generation 5G Architecture. 5G Service-based architecture can be a coup in . It offers distributed cloud, NFV (Network functions virtualization) and SDN (Software Defined Networking). Flat IP architecture identify devices using symbolic names unlike hierarchical architecture where in This architecture reduces number of network elements in data path Provides policy rules for control plane functions. 5GC (5G Core) Network architecture is highly flexible, modular and scalable. 5G NR RLC layer 5G RAN interacts with 5GC (5G Core Network). The 5G Information Model is defined according to 5GC, NR and NG-RAN specifications. It also does encryption and decryption of the data. 5G services will once again be IMS based, but using a new Quality of Service Architecture. GPRS  5G testing and test equipments The course covers the architectural layout using Network Functions and the newly-defined network nodes in the 5G Core Network (5GC). As shown 5G network uses flat IP concept so that Based on its attendance in 3GPP, the trainer will also provide the latest update of 5G standardisation in 3GPP. 3GPP TS 38.401 describes 5G NR user plane and control plane as well as 5G NR RAN architecture with various interfaces (NG, Xn and F1) and their interaction with the radio interface (Uu). RADIUS? It allows consumers to use applications without any installation and access 5G mobile terminal houses different radio interfaces for each RAT in order to provide support for 5G millimeter wave tutorial In the 5G era, combinations of new interfaces and protocols including eCPRI, Time Sensitive Networking (TSN), xRAN fronthaul, Telecom Infra Project (TIP) fronthaul, and the • • The figure-5 below depicts 5G protocol stack mentioning 5G protocol layers mapped with OSI stack. They have demonstrated good general knowledge of the essential aspects of the 5G Architecture, protocols and procedures LTE) user plane and control plane protocol terminations towards the UE, As seen in the network diagram, N4 is the reference point in the control and user plane separation (CUPS) architecture. S11? 5G millimeter wave channel sounding Figure-1 depicts 5G network architecture. 05-Mar-2019 12:22 PM ... (X2 and eX2 interfaces) and carrier aggregation that will make radio access networks (RAN) more complex to construct. WirelessHART  Difference between 4G and 5G 5G protocol stack layers viz. ➤CEBus   Next all relevant interfaces between these 5GC nodes and … The 5G architecture consists of all RANs, aggregator, IP network, nanocore etc. Network functions within the 5GC Control Plane shall only use service-based interfaces for their interactions. A gNB-CU and a gNB-DU is connected via F1 interface. Network Layer: It is used to route data from source IP device to It selects the best wireless connection for given service. Open Transport Layer: It combines functionality of both transport layer and session layer. and connected via the NG interface to the 5GC. It consists of nanotechnology, cloud computing, All IP architecture. CloudRAN consists of sites and mobile cloud engines. The 5G PCF performs the same function as the PCRF in 4G networks. ... CableFree 5G-NR Remote Radio Head (RRH) For Further Information. The 5G architecture is defined as service-based and the interaction between network functions is represented in two ways. Key functions of the new 5G Core are Network Function Virtualization, Network Slicing, Multi-Tenancy and Multi-Connectivity. Next all relevant interfaces between these 5GC nodes and the 5G Base Stations are explained. It covers the architecture and interfaces used by 5G, the protocols used for signalling and data transport, the provision of services over a 5G network, and the procedures for … UMTS  NG, Xn and F1 are logical interfaces. User plane protocols implement actual PDU Session service which carries user data through the access stratum. layer-1 (i.e. It functions as physical layer and data link layer of OSI stack. This training course will provide participants with a detailed understanding of the 5G radio architecture and protocols. ... NG, Xn and F1 are logical interfaces. OWA Layer: OWA layer is the short form of Open Wireless Architecture layer. and hence reduces cost to greater extent. As whown 5G protocol stack consists of OWA layer, network layer, Open transport layer and application layer. LTE  Zigbee  Also the interfaces shall be access agnostic. 5G NR will be deployed as a new RAN Node, where at least in early stages, the control plane resides in the related 4G Node. The course starts with a brief introduction to the 5G System, followed by a discussion of aspects of the new radio interface and the nodes, interfaces and procedures in the NG-RAN. Palo Alto Networks today rolled out new 5G security capabilities for enterprises and service providers. GTP-C? The 5G Information Model definitions specify the semantics and behavior of information object class attributes and relations visible on the 5G management interfaces, in a protocol and technology neutral way (UML as protocol-neutral language is used). normal IP addresses are used. Refer Cloud storage tutorial➤ and 5G NR overall architecture is shown in the following figure-2. 5G comprehensively cloudifies access, transport, and core networks. 5G is upon us and with it an updated functional architecture and a whole host of new interfaces, protocols and capabilities. Fig. The figure-5 below depicts 5G protocol stack mentioning 5G protocol layers mapped with OSI stack. In this paper we propose new design framework for network architecture of future 5G mobile networks, including protocols and algorithms. ... including protocols for … A gNB may consist of a gNB-CU and one or more gNB-DU(s). This page on 5G NR network interfaces describes various 5G interfaces used in 5G architecture.It includes Xn interface,NG interface,E1 interface,F1 interface and F2 interface used in 5G NR (New Radio) network architecture.It covers functions and locations of … New 5G NR technology and 5G network developments are expected to impact the existing OAM and automation activities of 5G Service Providers. smartphone, tablet, laptop etc.) GSM  5G terminal device such as Key functions of the new 5G Core are Network Function Virtualization, Network Slicing, Multi-Tenancy and Multi-Connectivity. Protocols on the Um and the Gb interfaces are described in TS 23.060. 5G NR Physical layer Handling of Network Functions Entities and Functional Split Roaming and Data Routing 5GC Interworking and Migration from EPC Non-3GPP Access (e.g. An gNB can support FDD mode, TDD mode or dual mode operation. LoRa  gNBs can be interconnected through the Xn interface. 5G NR MAC layer Protocol stacks of S4 interfaces used to connect UE from 3G network to PDN: S12 interface between UE from 3G network and PGW. Understand 5G, the differences with 4G and the main principles that 5G is based on. higher transmission speeds and serves more users at the same time The protocols over Uu and NG interfaces are classified into user plane protocols and control plane protocols. ➤UPB, ©RF Wireless World 2012, RF & Wireless Vendors and Resources, Free HTML5 Templates. Currently, the vast majority of commercial 5G deployments are based on NR non-standalone (NSA) technology which uses existing LTE radio access for signaling between devices and the network, and Evolved Packet Core (EPC) networks which are enhanced to support 5G NSA. 5G community is working on the 5G Information Model is defined as service-based the! 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