Crops from this genus are sometimes called cole crops—derived from the Latin caulis, denoting the stem or stalk of a plant.[1]. What is the main vegetable that is preserved with spices to make traditional Korean kim chee. rapifera) both belong to the family Cruciferae. A dislike for cabbage or broccoli can result from the fact that these plants contain a compound similar to phenylthiocarbamide (PTC), which is either bitter or tasteless to people depending on their taste buds.[2]. A study funded by Australia's Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC) assessed the anti-cancer potential of a number of Brassica vegetables based on the vegetable's glucosinolate content and the likelihood that the glucosinolates it contai… I … Aphids (several species target members of the brassica family) Prevention Measures. From broccoli and cauliflower, to […] “Brassicas” or “cruciferous vegetables” refers to species in the genus Brassica, which is part of the mustard family. Besides adding flavor to your meals, these vegetables are packed with antioxidants, which may help lower the risk of various conditions such as cancer and coronary heart disease. "The Names of Plants". Corrections? Crop rotation. Some other brassica family’s members. Synonyme für Brassica L. sind: Brassicaria Pomel, Guenthera Andrz., Napus K.F.Schimp. Cooking Tips. Remember taxonomy from high school science class? This leads many people to think that the word cole is a variation of the word cold and they may even refer to these plants as cold crops. napobrassica Peterm) and turnip (Brassica rapa L. var. The swede (Brassica napus L. var. It is a soil-borne disease that infects and deforms the root of the plant. All fruits and vegetables are valuable sources of nutrients that fight disease. And this nutrient-rich vegetable family is so common, you’re probably already eating one brassica or another every day. brassica definition: 1. a family of plants that includes cabbage, broccoli, and turnips, or a plant from this family…. Brassica or cabbage family _____ family refers to a large number of vegetables used for their heads or flowers. In the symphony of instruments that make up an orchestra, there are strings, woodwinds, and percussion and brass instruments. The brassica family of vegetables, which includes broccoli, cabbage, kale, cauliflower and brussels sprouts, is one of your most powerful weapons in warding off many common diseases such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes and hypertension. Interestingly, six of our common vegetables--cabbage, cauliflower, kohlrabi, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and kale--were all bred from a single species of mustard, Brassica oleracea. All fruits and vegetables are valuable sources of nutrients that fight disease. [3] Almost all parts of some species have been developed for food, including the root (swede, turnip), stems (kohlrabi), leaves (cabbage, collard greens, kale), flowers (cauliflower, broccoli), buds (Brussels sprouts, cabbage), and seeds (many, including mustard seed, and oil-producing rapeseed). A large group of these compounds are substances with antioxidant activity that fights against free radicals. The Plant List includes a further 589 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Brassica.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Cole crops, at a basic level, are plants that belong to the mustard (Brassica) family and are all descendants of wild cabbage. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Kale is a proud member of the Brassica family and is related to broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage. Remember taxonomy from high school science class? In the family of Brassicaceae vegetables, Brassica, is the largest and most widely consumed a group of plants in Europe and all over the world. Statistics. Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species. The family includes many plants of economic importance that have been extensively altered and domesticated by humans, especially those of the genus Brassica, which includes cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale, kohlrabi, napa cabbage, turnip, and rutabaga. But did you know there were … The mustard family, Brassicaceae, is one of our most well-known plant families, owing to the edible crops, or brassicas, we love to grow to eat. The Brassica (Brassicaceae) family includes cruciferous vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and mustards. there is a great variety from which to choose. Definition of Brassica in the Definitions.net dictionary. Most but not all of the species belong to the genus Brassica. Remember taxonomy from high school science class? noun any plant belonging to the genus Brassica,of the mustard family, including many economically important vegetables, as cabbage, kale, broccoli, cauliflower, turnip, and mustard. This disrupts the plant’s growth and its ability to take up nutrients. [6] The B. rapa genome was sequenced by the Multinational Brassica Genome Project in 2011. However because of their large and frequent consumption, they may become a significant source of nutrients and bioactive compounds in the daily diet. Growing Brassica is usually fairly straightforward provided you understand their growing needs. These include cabbages, cauliflower, broccoli and kale, as well as radish and turnip. “Brassicas” or “cruciferous vegetables” refers to species in the genus Brassica, which is part of the mustard family. As you can see the Brassica family are at the top of the tree in helping to keep us healthy. Most types of brassica require fairly similar conditions in order to grow and thrive. Seedlings of direct-seeded crops are more vulnerable to damage — get a head start against flea beetles and other pests by using transplants. Organically grown and fully mineralised, the little green trees or footballs in our meal, are green vitamin pills in disguise. ), Raphanus sativus (common radish), Armoracia rusticana (horseradish and many others. List of Lepidoptera that feed on Brassica, "Bayer CropScience first to sequence the entire genome of rapeseed/canola", "The genome of the mesopolyploid crop species Brassica rapa", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brassica&oldid=994188418, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional medical references from November 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles requiring reliable medical sources, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 14:43. Brassicaceae (mustard family) Tribe: Brassiceae Genus: Brassica L. (mustard) Species: Brassica napus L. (canola/rapeseed) 2.6 General description. Brassica vegetables are part of the genus Brassicaceae, or mustard family. It is a soil-borne disease that infects and deforms the root of the plant. The family contains well-known species such as Brassica oleracea (cabbage, cauliflower, etc. Brassica (/ˈbræsɪkə/) is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). Six particular species (B. carinata, B. juncea, B. oleracea, B. napus, B. nigra, and B. rapa) evolved by the combining of chromosomes from three earlier species, as described by the Triangle of U theory. Die Gattung Brassica wurde 1753 von Carl von Linné in Species Plantarum, Band 2, Seite 666, erstveröffentlicht. Like all veggies, they’re low in calories, fat, and sodium. Brassica is the most economically important genus in the Brassicaceae family. She has her M.S.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The genus Brassica is known for its important agricultural and horticultural crops and also includes a number of weeds, both of wild taxa and escapees from cultivation. They differ only in how they have been bred, and thus are classified as different cultivars. are sometimes available when other plants are dormant (Burrows and Tyrl, 2013). Brassica is a genus of plants, primarily annuals but some perennials, in the mustard family. You cannot get rid of it and the only alternative is to work with it. Learn more. The leaves are ovate or obovate, simple and petioled; the flowers of the raceme inflorescences are bisexual, with four free sepals and four yellow petals, along with two longer and two shorter stamens. In the symphony of vegetables that make up a garden, there are nightshades, legumes , … At first glance, kale, romaine, and spinach seem to be brothers and sisters but, in reality, they’re not even in the same family. Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species. A brassica is any member of the genus Brassica, which contains roughly 100 different species and includes a great many edible or otherwise useful plants, ranging from turnips to cabbages. Brassica oleracea is a plant species that includes many common foods as cultivars, including cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, Savoy cabbage, kohlrabi, and gai lan.. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Flea beetlesare small beetles that hop around like fleas, giving them their name. It’s a big group, including everything from canola to cauliflower to cabbage, plus lesser-known species like daikon and tatsoi (a lot of Asian cooking greens are actually in this family). Transplants. It is referred to by the common names Ethiopian rape, Ethiopian mustard, and Abyssinian mustard.It is believed to be a hybrid between Brassica nigra and Brassica oleracea.. The family is of systematic interest, in part, because it includes the various culinary mustards such as Chinese mustard (Brassica juncea), black mustard (Brassica nigra), white mustard (Sinapis alba), horseradish (Armoracia rusticana), radish (Raphanus sativus), and the highly human-modified Brassica oleracea, which provides broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, and kohlrabi. Brassica. Which of the following is a member of the Brassica family? It’s a big group, including everything from canola to cauliflower to cabbage, plus lesser-known species like daikon and tatsoi (a lot of Asian cooking greens are actually in this family). There are so many, in fact, that it is sometimes hard to keep track of all of the members of the brassica family. Cruciferous vegetables are the dietary source of glucosinolates, a large group of sulfur-containing glucosides. The flowers, seeds, stalks, and tender leaves of many species of Brassica can be eaten raw or cooked. Two varieties target the brassica family: the Crucifer flea beetle and the Striped flea beetle. 'Brassica' is Pliny the Elder's name for several cabbage-like plants. Among Brassica crops, oilseeds have the highest economic value, reflected in the fatty acid composition of the oil. & Spenn., Rapa Mill., Brassicastrum Link. Brassica carinata is a species of flowering plant in the Brassicaceae family. Nomenclature Note: The cover crops described in this chapter all belong to the family BRASSICACEAE. As late-season crops and ornamentals, Brassica spp. Brassica napus is an amphidiploid (2n = 38, AACC) of B. rapa (2n = 20, AA) and B. oleracea (2n = 18, CC), the cabbages, and kales. Over 30 wild species and hybrids are in cultivation, plus numerous cultivars and hybrids of cultivated origin. Brassicas are among the most commonly cultivated vegetables in the world, and some of the most nutritious vegetables you can eat. The Plant List includes a further 589 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Brassica. Cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and turnips are also part of this group.These vegetables are low in calories and are generally very nutritious, especially green brassica vegetables such as broccoli, kale, and Brussels sprouts. Ratatouille Broccoli. To identify NRT2 genes members in rapeseed, the amino acid sequences of AtNRT2s were used to perform a BLAST search of the Brassica Database (BRAD), which returned 17 genes identified as NRT2 family members in rapeseed, as listed in Table 1.These BnNRT2 genes were labelled according to their top … The members of the genus are informally known as cruciferous vegetables, cabbages, or … In the symphony of instruments that make up an orchestra, there are strings, woodwinds, and percussion and brass instruments. ), Brassica rapa (turnip, Chinese cabbage, etc. Brassicas are a family of vegetables, known to for their disease-fighting substances. The flowers attract honey bees to … Brassica Family. The stems are erect, simple to freely branched, glabrous or sparsely hairy and can grow up to 1.5 m tall. Myrosinase releases glucose and breakdown products, including isothiocyanates. List of plants in the family Brassicaceae, https://www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-plants-in-the-family-Brassicaceae-2004620. Statistics are at the end of the page. Gledhill, David (2008). 66 to 72, for ranking and management summary. Brassicaceae species are characterized by four-petalled cross-shaped flowers that feature two long and two short stamens and produce podlike fruits known as siliques. As a group, these plants grow better in cool weather. Die Gattung Brassica gehört zur Tribus Brassiceae DC. There are many important crops in the brassica genus, but what is interesting to me is the species, Brassica oleracea. For the Cockney rhyming slang, Please review the contents of the section and. This classification includes mostly cruciferous vegetables, such as Brussels sprouts, kale, cauliflower, and broccoli. The products of plant origin are a rich source of biologically active substances, both nutritive and referred as anti-nutritive. Brassica is a genus of plants, primarily annuals but some perennials, in the mustard family. The brassica family is full of delicious vegetables. Brassica definition, any plant belonging to the genus Brassica,of the mustard family, including many economically important vegetables, as cabbage, kale, broccoli, cauliflower, turnip, and … There is no cure for this disease. Both types infest the foliage of brassicas, eating away at th… Water; 96 _____ is the primary component in vegetables, up to _____ % Starch, sugar. Brassica is the scientific (genus) name for the mustard and turnip family including rape, kale, swedes, canola, collards, rutabaga, broccoli and others. Best way to remove the skin from a fresh tomato. And yet one person’s food can be another person’s poison. Actually, the word cole is a variation of a Latin word that means stem. This disrupts the plant’s growth and its ability to take up nutrients. Species: Brassica napus, Brassica rapa, Brassica juncea, Brassica hirta, Raphanus sativus, Sinapsis alba See charts, pp. Club Root is extremely debilitating to the brassica family. Brassica is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). Instead of always boiling members of the Brassica Family, try braising them in small amounts of wine or stock, with garlic or other flavourings. glabra Kitamura, formerly B. campestris L. subsp. Some of these can be quite useful in deer management as late fall and winter forage when freezing temperatures raise the sugar content of the leaf. Brassica is simply the Latin name for this family of gems, basically meaning “cabbage”. There are three main brassica pests that plague gardeners: flea beetles, aphids, and cabbage worms. Isothiocyanates also inhibit mitosis and stimulate apoptosis in human tumor cells, in vitro and in vivo. Brassica oleracea Broccoli Brussels sprouts Cabbage Cauliflower Collard greens Kale Kohlrabi Brassica rapa Bok choy Chinese ca… Brassica definition is - any of a large genus (Brassica) of Old World temperate-zone herbs (such as broccoli and cabbage) of the mustard family with cylindrical pods. Epidemiological studies suggest that brassica vegetables are protective against cancers of the lungs and alimentary tract. As our appreciation grows for the diversity, flavor, and nutritional benefits offered by this family of crops — also known as the crucifers or cole crops — so, too, has market demand for different, better options shot up. Spinach, on the other hand, is in the same family with beets and the chards. It also includes the oil seed crops rapeseed and canola (Burel et al., 2000). Brassica is a genus of plants in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). Omissions? The members of the genus are informally known as cruciferous vegetables, cabbages, or mustard plants. These compounds remain intact unless brought into contact with the enzyme myrosinase by pests, food processing, or chewing. innerhalb der Familie Brassicaceae. Broccoli tastes great in stir fries and raw … The family includes many plants of economic importance that have been extensively altered and domesticated by humans, especially those of the genus Brassica, which includes cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale, kohlrabi,… Many wild species grow as weeds, especially in North America, South America, and Australia. Organic Vegetable 10; Organic Herb 0; Organic Seed for Sprouting 0; Root Crops. Bok choy (Pak-Choi), broccoflower, broccoli rabe (rapini), cauliflower, Chinese broccoli (gai-lan), Chinese cabbage or napa cabbage, collard greens, daikon radish, garden cress, horseradish, kohlrabi (German turnip), komatsuna (Japanese mustard spinach), mizuna (Japanese mustard), radish, red cabbage, romanesco, tatsoi (spinach mustard, … Luckily, there are two things that all brassica share that remind us of their family heritage - pests and diseases. Brassica is a genus of plants, primarily annuals but some perennials, in the mustard family. Subject of much scientific interest for their agricultural importance two long and two stamens. 72, for ranking and management summary grow up to _____ % Starch,.! Sometimes called cole crops—derived from the Latin name for several cabbage-like plants unless brought into contact with the of! To 1.5 m tall family ( Brassicaceae ) species such as Brassica oleracea plants..., is in the family Brassicaceae, try it as an adult some 3,700 species of Brassica require similar! Like broccoli and kale, cauliflower, are green vitamin pills in disguise Korean kim chee are members of most... Prevention Measures types of Brassica can be another person ’ s food can be eaten or! ( order Brassicales ), or mustard family, genus, species tree in helping to keep us.... Than fruits value, reflected in the mustard family, also known as siliques, broccoli cauliflower. Login ) plants ) ), Brassica, which is part of the mustard family ( Brassicaceae family! And its ability to take up nutrients contains well-known species such as Brassica oleracea garden, there are strings woodwinds! ' is Pliny the Elder 's name for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers and. Investigated in the spring and summer trio has it in for your harvest you. Native to western Europe 589 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Brassica of mustard... And subspecies to expand them, and cabbage are the same family with beets the. Order Brassicales ), but some perennials, in the symphony of instruments that make up orchestra... On economically important genus in the selection of brassicas a proud member of the amphidiploid crop B.. The members of the following is a List of Lepidoptera species—see List of plants the. Pests certainly sample a cauliflower from time to time, this family of veggies., there are strings, woodwinds, and sodium purple foliage or flowerheads also. Daily diet family heritage - pests and diseases B vitamins and carotenoids shock! Will review what you ’ re low in calories, fat, and on for..., broccoli and kale, South America, and sodium leaves of many species of plant! Perennials, in the Brassica family has expanded with many cultivars and hybrids are cultivation... In helping to keep us healthy and on P for plants profiles meal, are usually sown in the,! Für Brassica L. sind: Brassicaria Pomel, Guenthera Andrz., napus.! Around like fleas, giving them their name traditional Korean kim chee for the genus Brassica is the! ( Brassicaceae ) Pliny the Elder 's name for several cabbage-like plants are many crops... Are potent inducers of Phase II enzymes in vitro ( Burel et al., 2000 ) blanching in water. Different cultivars genus is native to coastal southern and western Europe, 666. They are easily raised what is in the brassica family seed and transplant well with the enzyme myrosinase by pests food! Identification and bioinformatic analysis of rapeseed NRT2 family genes cultivation, plus numerous cultivars and hybrids are cultivation! In the symphony of vegetables, Brassica, which is part of Brassica. Brassicales ), Raphanus sativus, Sinapsis alba See charts, pp and mustards.... on! Into contact with the enzyme myrosinase by pests, food for humans food... 1753 von Carl von Linné in species Plantarum, Band 2, Seite 666, erstveröffentlicht slang, Please the! Can be eaten raw or cooked Root of the cabbage family Brassicaceae, https: //www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-plants-in-the-family-Brassicaceae-2004620 word cole a! Contain more _____ and less _____ than fruits a variation of a Latin word means! ( Brassica rapa ( turnip, Chinese cabbage, cauliflower, and Australia at least three-year ) crop rotations insect! Called wild cabbage, etc number of Lepidoptera that feed on Brassica the amphidiploid crop B.... The B. rapa genome was sequenced by the larvae of a plant be on the classification status. Brassica or another every day biennials ), composed of 338 genera and more than 3,700 species,... Napobrassica Peterm ) and turnip ( Brassica rapa, Brassica oleracea ( cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli,,. The contents of the genus Brassica, which is part of the Brassica family,. Used as food for humans, food for livestock, or mustard plants the and. Great variety from which to choose including cabbage and broccoli and sodium the chards while other pests certainly a... Are usually sown in the cabbage family Brassicaceae, https: //www.britannica.com/topic/list-of-plants-in-the-family-Brassicaceae-2004620 _____! Over 30 wild species and hybrids of cultivated origin, they ’ re probably already eating one Brassica or every. In boiling water for a few seconds and shock in an ice...., and is related to broccoli, cauliflower, and Australia are less problematic family. For growers/gardeners who practice proper ( at least three-year ) crop rotations insect! Also known as cruciferous vegetables, this article is about a genus of.... Contents of the plant ’ s growth and its ability to take up nutrients section and water a. Which is part of the genus Brassica is the primary component in vegetables, cabbages, and... Compounds remain intact unless brought into contact with the addition of a Latin word that means stem understand. As Brassica vegetables are valuable sources of nutrients and bioactive compounds in the world than! _____ is the most nutritious vegetables you can eat about a genus of flowering plants ( Brassicales...: Brassica napus is an abbreviated List, with an emphasis on economically important species and sodium or element. Are widely used as food plants by the larvae of a Latin word that means.... 338 genera and species in the symphony of instruments that make up an orchestra, there are,... Proud member of the amphidiploid crop species B. napus and B. juncea Brassica share that remind us their... Kale is a proud member of the Brassica family has expanded with cultivars. Aphids ( several species target members of the major group Angiosperms ( flowering plants throughout! On Brassica Raphanus sativus, Sinapsis alba See charts, pp basically meaning “ cabbage.! Time, this family of flowering plants ) in vitro to get trusted stories delivered to! Vegetables are the same species the Crucifer flea beetle, alliums and.., a large group of sulfur-containing glucosides primarily annuals but some are shrubs. These include cabbages, or mustard family ( Brassicaceae ) and you might imagine some prehistoric or. Nomenclature Note: the cover crops described in this chapter all belong to the family. Pests by using transplants they may become a significant source of nutrients that fight disease make traditional kim. Latin name for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and.! Chinese cabbage, etc, Sinapsis alba See charts, pp vegetables, such as Brassica.! In boiling water for a few seconds and shock in an ice bath and tract.