3 of 1967”. Impacts vary with the age of exposure. The first notes denominated in 5 shillings and £1 were introduced on January 29, 1968. [51] Since August 1999, protests have erupted in cities across Nigeria’s south-east. Many others have been injured and/or arrested. Biafra: Traditional Marriage Outside Biafra-land A Taboo To Biafra Tradition And Culture When the Head is weak the whole body gets affected. [33] A second decree, “Decree No. There were only two denominations in the first issue (five shillings and one pound) as the move was done to deflate the economy. [32], In 1969 new notes were introduced: £10, £5, £1, 10/- and 5/-. After the announcement, tons of Nigerian banknotes were transported in an effort to acquire foreign exchange. [35] A special guerrilla unit, the Biafran Organization of Freedom Fighters, was established, designed to emulate the insurrectionist guerilla forces of the Viet Cong in the American – Vietnamese War, targeting Nigerian Federal Army supply lines and forcing them to shift forces to internal security efforts. [48] MASSOB says it is a peaceful group and advertises a 25 stage plan to achieve its goal peacefully. The Nigerian Civil War , also known as the Biafran War and the Nigerian-Biafran War , was a war fought between the government of Nigeria and the state of Biafra. A series of coins was issued in 1969; 3 pence, 6 pence, 1 shilling and 2½ shilling coins were minted, all made of aluminium. [32], It is estimated that a total of £115–140 million Biafran pounds were in circulation by the end of the conflict, with a population of about 14 million, approximately £10 per person.[32]. DOLLAR: Antarctica, Australia, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Brunei, Canada, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, E.Caribbean States, Fiji, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Liberia, Malaya & British Borneo, Namibia, New Zealand, Rhodesia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Trinidad & Tobago, Tuvalu, USA, Virgin Islands, Zimbabwe by the help of chukwu okike abiama puru ime ihe nine, i took my time to design what i believe should be the through biafran currency which is "the biafran cowry", i designed it with love, and i hope it will find favour with you and every biafran world wide, in the name of chukwu okike abiama puru ime ihe nine. The Biafran Navy was made up of captured craft, converted tugs, and armor-reinforced civilian vessels armed with machine guns or captured 6-pounder guns. On 17 November 2015, the Abia state police command seized an Indigenous People of Biafra radio transmitter in Umuahia. It was headquartered in Kidney Island, Port Harcourt, and commanded by Winifred Anuku. [32] The first issue of the bank notes included only 5 shillings notes and 1 pound notes. The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. On 26 May the Eastern Region voted to secede from Nigeria. They were painted in green camouflage and armed with two Matra Type 122 rocket pods, each being able to carry six 68 mm SNEB anti-armour rockets under each wing and had Swedish WW2 reflex sights from old FFVS J 22s. [14] People in the region have described Biafra as the land directly adjacent to the Bight of Biafra and also an indigenous state, existing before European colonialism created such entities as Nigeria. Nigerian Troops firing artillery gun in Port Harcourt, Nigeria, during the Nigerian Civil War. The back of the 1-pound note carries the Biafran coat of arms above a wreath, and a ceremonial spear. [32], The bank was first located in Enugu, but due to the ongoing war, it was relocated several times. Energy Healer, Angel Channeller and Writer offering therapies, readings and vibrational essences for awakening consciousness Biafran Currency. Naira has completely lost its value. On the back of the 5-shilling note is a picture of four Ibo girls, and surrounding the value of the note to the left is a manilla. [20][21][22], In July 1966, northern officers and army units staged a counter-coup. Resources The people of Biafra will have plenty of Crude Oil, Oil Palm and other cash crops like Yam, Cassava, etc, to play with. Monday 21st December, 2020, Posted on Muslim officers named a General from a small ethnic group (the Angas) in central Nigeria, General Yakubu “Jack” Gowon, as the head of the Federal Military Government (FMG). [64], According to the South-East Based Coalition of Human Rights Organizations, security forces under the directive of the federal government have killed 80 members of the Indigenous People of Biafra and their supporters between 30 August 2015 and 9 February 2016 in a renewed clampdown on the campaign. [7] It was purported that at the start of the civil war, Igbos withdrew their funds from Nigerian banks and converted it to the Biafran currency. By October 1967, the FMG had regained the land after intense fighting. The Deputy Leader, Ebuta Ogar Takon is an Ejagham native, half Nigerian and half Cameroon. The southern population is predominantly Christian, being primarily made up of territory of the indigenous Yoruba and Biafra kingdoms in the West and East respectively. Biafra, officially the Republic of Biafra, is a subsumed state in West Africa that existed from May 1967 to January 1970 and also before the creation of Nigeria by Britain. Charles W. Thomas defined the locations of islands in the Bight of Biafra as “between the parallels of longitude 5° and 9° East and latitude 4° North and 2° South”. The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. [60][61] On 23 December 2015, Kanu was detained and charged with charges that amounting to treason against the Nigerian state. The Biafran pound was the currency of the breakaway Republic of Biafra between 1968 and 1970. There were only two denominations in the first issue (five shillings and one pound) as the move was done to deflate the economy. Biafra, still conjures false sense of one region based on the old four-regional structure. Biafra Currency To Begin Full Circulation In Biafra Land - IPOB / MASSOB Set To Issue Biafra Currency In Exchange Of Naira / Biafra Currency Exchange Rate (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) ( Reply ) ( Go Down ) We would like to inform you that, as of date, we have not provided such a platform. However please register on our website and do keep visiting our portal for further notifications on such a forum and other important and exciting news/updates. Nevertheless, the Igbo faced some devastating consequences, particularly economically as the Biafran currency that people had accumulated became worthless. In the mid-1960s economic and political instability and ethnic friction characterized Nigerian public life. Three major rivers flow from Biafra into the Gulf of Guinea: the Imo River, the Cross River and the Niger River.[30]. [27] Biafra was ill-equipped for war, with fewer army personnel and less equipment than the Nigerian military, but had advantages over the Nigerian state as they were fighting in their homeland and had the support of most Biafrans. [6] After the surrender of Biafra, some Igbos who had fled the conflict returned to their properties but were unable to claim them back from new occupants. Though peaceful, the protesters have been routinely attacked by the Nigerian police and army, with large numbers of people reportedly killed. Little is known about the literal meaning of the word Biafra. Wednesday 20th January, 2021, Posted on [42] During the crisis, French medical volunteers, in addition to Biafran health workers and hospitals, were subjected to attacks by the Nigerian army and witnessed civilians being murdered and starved by the blockading forces. 1 Egyptian pound to US dollar ; log in Sign Up + × Add coin. The Genesis The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) is a pro-Biafra led by the controversial Nnamdi Kanu. It mainly operated in the Niger River delta and along the Niger River. After returning to Nigeria, the federal government reneged on the agreement and unilaterally declared the creation of several new states including some that gerrymandered the Igbos in Biafra. In February 1969, a second family of notes was issued consisting of 5 … The currency of the breakaway Republic of Biafra between 1968 and 1970 was Biafran pound. Early inventory included four World War II American bombers: two B-25 Mitchells, two B-26 Invaders (Douglas A-26) (one piloted by Zumbach),[37] a converted Douglas DC-3[38] and one British de Havilland Dove. Nnamdi Azikiwe, the President, of Igbo extraction, and the favored Western Region politician Obafemi Awolowo were not killed. The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. They are made something like an anchor according to Olauda Ikwuano, Ojonma was an Igbo Money as described by Olauda that “As we live in a country where nature is prodigal of her favours, our wants are few and easily supplied; of course we have few manufactures. Meaning of Biafra. Police and Army units from Kaduna had to be brought in to restore order. [8] Federal projects in Biafra were also greatly reduced compared to other parts of Nigeria. The group enacted a “re-launch” of Biafra in Aba, the commercial centre of Abia State and a major commercial centre on Igbo land. A series of coins was issued in 1969; 3 pence, 6 pence, 1 shilling and 2½ shilling coins were minted, all made of aluminium. The notes are signed by the ‘Governor’ and a ‘Director’ of the Bank of Biafra. Just view this as it's: NAIRA EXCHANGE RATE vs AFRICAN COUNTRIES; Biafra: 1 Pound = 156 Naira South Africa: Rand 1 = 13 Naira Angola: 1 kwanza = 2 Naira Botswana: 1 Pula = 18 Naira Cape Verde: 1 Escudo = 2 Naira Algeria: 1 Dinar = 2 Naira Egypt: 1 Pound = 25 Naira [19] In January 1966, the situation reached a breaking point. Resources The people of Biafra will have plenty of Crude Oil, Oil Palm and other cash crops like Yam, Cassava, etc, to play with. The apparent domination of the political system by the North, and the chaos breaking out across the country, motivated elements within the military to consider decisive action. This article examines the recent re-release of the Biafran pound currency, previously used by the breakaway Republic of Biafra between 1968 and 1970, by the separatist-revival group the Movement for the Actualization of a Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) in south-eastern Nigeria. Nigeria’s initial efforts were unsuccessful; the Biafrans successfully launched their own offensive, occupying areas in the mid-Western Region in August 1967. Other ethnic groups included the Efik, Ibibio, Annang, Ejagham, Eket, Ibeno, Yako, Bahumono and the Ijaw. 4 of 1967”, modified the Banking Act of the Federal Republic of Nigeria for the Republic of Biafra. In 2009, MASSOB leader Chief Uwazuruike launched an unrecognized “Biafran International Passport” and also launched a Biafra Plate Number in 2016 in response to persistent demand by some Biafran sympathizers in the diaspora and at home. The Bank of Nigeria exchanged only 30 pounds for an individual and 300 pounds for enterprises in the second half of 1968. [15], Events leading to war Thus the northern Sudan and Sahelian Savannah region of the country is made up of Muslim majority, while the southern population was predominantly Christian and Animist. 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